Did you know your body has more microbial cells than human?
Ever wondered why two people can eat the same, and only one of them gains weight, feels bloated or gets stomach cramps? What is that the same food affects each person so differently – even when its a “superfood?!” Well, we’ve all heard “You Are What You Eat,” but the TRUTH is:
YOU ARE WHAT YOUR GUT MICROBES EAT.
Scientists have shown that the state of health or disease can be visualised by looking at your gut microbiome. This collection of microbes, known as your MICROBIOME, includes bacteria, and its composition affects everything from your mood, metabolism and meal choices. Our gut microbiome can be changed in a day, just by changing our diet. Thus, our gut microbes are essential to controlling our eating habits. As such, we believe that by analysing our gut microbiomes, we can discover what foods are beneficial for us as unique individuals to consume. With GUTXY’s subscription service, you can track your microbiome as you adopt a new dietary change, to quickly see whether it is working for you. This not only saves time trying the wrong dietary regime, but actually allows you see how different foods specifically affect you – in real time!
Our gut microbiome can be changed in a day, just by changing our diet.
Chronic lifestyle conditions can be prevented and even reversed, just by changing our diets. Yet, just in Denmark, lifestyle diseases like cancer, diabetes and heart disease account for 90% of all deaths. Consumers rely on generic diet advice and believe they know what they should be eating, yet, they continually struggle with changing their habits. Generic diets don’t do them justice. In fact, most diet and health recommendations do not consider the tremendous intra-individual differences present amongst the population: humans can share 99% of their DNA, but only 10% of their gut microbes. GUTXY wants to utilise this understanding, and incorporate groundbreaking science research into the wellness market. Given the tremendous scope of the health and wellness market, and its continual rapid growth, there is huge potential in this area. Presently, a trend of consumers wanting to track their own health is emerging, giving new tech companies a possibility to gain access to the market. Moreover, recent revolutions in sequencing technology have made it possible for consumers to access their unique genetic information, with individual DNA sequencing rapidly rising in popularity, as seen with the rise DNA sequencing companies.
In this study, people who ate a lot of carbohydrates, such as pasta, potatoes, and sugars, tended to have a lot of one type of bacteria – Prevotella – whilst people who consumed a lot of protein, particularly meat, tended to have a lot of the Bacteroides type of bacteria.
Diet presents a great opportunity to influence your gut bacteria: both long term diet habits, as well as short term dietary changes, can cause dramatic shifts in bacterial composition. Namely, a study by Gary Wu and collaborators found that the typical diet a person consumes over a year is strongly correlated with the composition of their gut microbiota.¹ In this study, people who ate a lot of carbohydrates, such as pasta, potatoes, and sugars, tended to have a lot of one type of bacteria – Prevotella – whilst people who consumed a lot of protein, particularly meat, tended to have a lot of the Bacteroides type of bacteria. Similar investigations have described trends across nations and cultures.² These shifts are thought to occur rapidly: one study reported dramatic shifts in microbiota over three days when volunteers altered between eating only meat and cheese or a vegan diet.³ Thus, the intricate interplay between the microbiome and diet has tremendous potential for enhancing individuals’ wellness worldwide.
- Wu et al. “Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334.6052 (Oct. 2011), pp. 105–8.
- Yatsuneko et al. “Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography.” Nature. 2012; 486:222–227.
- David et al. “Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome.” Nature505.7484 (Jan. 2014), pp. 559–63.