What is the Difference between the Microbiome vs Microbiota?

Often used interchangeably, there are subtle differences between your microbiome vs microbiota.

Overall, the microbiota definition describes all living microorganisms in a specific environment. The microbiome definition takes this further, to include the microbes and their genes.

In this way, the microbiome includes the microbiota and their genetic elements¹.


  1. Berg, Gabriele et al. “Microbiome definition re-visited: old concepts and new challenges.” Microbiome vol. 8,1 103. 30 Jun. 2020, doi: 10.1186/s40168-020-00875-0

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